HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN BREED
Holstein Friesian breed
The Holstein breed is the most common breed of cattle in the dairy industry worldwide. It was bred in Holland on the basis of the North German cattle breed.
The Holstein breed began to explore the world about one and a half-century ago, gradually spreading across countries and continents. The perfection of the breed through the modern techniques of reproductive qualities, which the breed possesses, made it the most attractive for numerous cattle breeders all over the world.
With optimal feeding and keeping, Holstein is the most highly productive and cost-effective breed. It adapts well to any climatic conditions, easily manageable in large groups and it has the best exterior from the perspective of dairy productivity. The shape of the udder absolutely corresponds to the requirements of high-tech milking parlors. The whole constitution of the animal serves one purpose: the achievement of the highest milk productivity.
Having the highest milk productivity among all livestock breeds, the Holstein breed is sensitive, it has high requirements for feeding, keeping technology, and the hygiene of the milking process. When cows are culled for meat, as well as in the case of bulls, the meat productivity of this breed is not too high.
HOLSTEIN IS THE MOST HIGHLY PRODUCTIVE AND COST-EFFECTIVE BREED
Dairy breeding cattle
Height of full-grown cows at the withers is 140 cm
Weight of full-grown cows is 650-750 kg
Weight of new-born calves is 40-45 kg
Average daily weight gain of young animals can reach 1,200-1,300 grams (per day)
The first insemination of heifers is usually carried out when they reach a weight of 350 kg
Milk productivity of cows with optimal feeding and keeping is about 10,000 kg during standard lactation
the fat content of 3.6-4.0%
the protein content of 3.2-3.5%
The milk yield of a cow in the first lactation can reach up to 40 kg of milk per day
In many countries, there are farms where the average milk production of a herd reaches 11,000-12,000 kg of milk and even higher.
The largest populations of cattle of this breed are in Europe and North America, most of the animals of this breed have a black and white color. There are also red and white-colored animals, which is a recessively inherited trait.
Dutch Holstein-Frisian cattle received a well-deserved recognition all over the world. It features a large annual milk yield with a high content of fat and protein, it is one of the most productive breeds in Europe, with about 3-5 lactations in a lifetime.
The overall program for cattle breeding in the Netherlands sets certain objectives. The general classification of these characteristics is an estimate of the capacity of the cow.
Hungarian Holstein-Frisian cattle are distinguished by an excellent genetic basis and high breeding value. Hungarian livestock is not pampered, as it derives from large farms, is characterized by excellent adaptability and unpretentiousness. The cattle adapt well to the conditions of the Eurasian countries and can be used without any restrictions since the territory of Hungary is free from spongiform encephalitis (BSE) and bug fever.
The supply of Dutch, German, and Hungarian livestock is optimal to meet the needs of both newly constructed and reconstructed farms interested in the regular procurement of livestock by road without their reloading from other modes of transport.
American Holstein cattle is unique due to its homogeneity and uniform microflora, as it is grown from young animals in a single large herd with high breeding value and productivity, has excellent stability and adaptability. The supply of American livestock is optimal for the provision of newly built mega-farms, capable of simultaneously accepting large lots of livestock.